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Mongolian Resources (copy)

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14 May 2020 at 2:28am | IP Logged 
During the period from February 2020 through May 2020, I conducted a complete revision to the twenty-eight (28) lists of resources which I had posted on the LLORG during the previous three-year period. As revising these types of documents directly on the LLORG in the “Edit Mode” is fraught with difficulties, I removed their contents from the LLORG, stored them on my computer, and completed the revisions. During the revision process an event occurred which prevented me from reposting the contents to their original files and, as a contingency measure, I have posted them here on the HTLAL in the anticipation that either the Administrator or the Moderators of the LLORG will copy/paste them to the LLORG. - Speakeasy

Mongolian Resources (copy)
During the uploading of Mongolian Resources to the HTLAL (see separate listing), the website froze in an unending loop. Following several unsuccessful attempts at recovering the session, I logged off. Since that time, I have been unable to open the original list to confirm that the resources were, indeed, uploaded. For this reason, I have created this second listing entitled “Mongolian Resources (copy)” as a back-up. The contents of the two files are derived from the same source and should be identical.


Mongolia Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улс, Trad.mong.: Monggol ulus) is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between Russia to the north and China to the south, where it neighbours the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometres (23 mi) separate them…. – Source: Wikipedia

Languages of Mongolia
Mongolian languages, one of three subfamilies of the Altaic language family. The Mongolian languages are spoken in Mongolia and adjacent parts of east-central Asia. Their subclassification is controversial, and no one scheme has won universal approval. The central Mongolian languages are usually divided into a western group, consisting of the closely related Oirat (spoken in Mongolia and in the Xinjiang region of China) and Kalmyk (Russia), and an eastern group, consisting of the closely related Buryat (Russia) and Mongol (Mongolia and China) languages. Outlying languages—Moghol (spoken in Afghanistan), Daur (Inner Mongolia, China), Yellow Uighur (Gansu province, China), and the related groups of Monguor (Tu), Dongxiang, and Bao’an (Bonan), which are spoken on the border between the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai—exhibit archaic features. All of the central, but none of the outlying, languages have written forms. – Source: Mongolian languages (Mongolic languages) -

Mongolian Language
The Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family. The number of speakers across all its dialects may be 5.2 million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.[1] In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic (and at times in Latin for social networking), is predominant, while in Inner Mongolia, the language is dialectally more diverse and is written in the traditional Mongolian script. In the discussion of grammar to follow, the variety of Mongolian treated is Standard Khalkha Mongolian (i.e., the standard written language as formalized in the writing conventions and in the school grammar), but much of what is to be said is also valid for vernacular (spoken) Khalkha and for other Mongolian dialects, especially Chakhar. – Source: Mongolian Language - Wikipedia
Mongolian Writing Systems     
Many alphabets have been devised for the Mongolian language over the centuries, and from a variety of scripts …The most recent Mongolian alphabet is a based on the Cyrillic script, more specifically the Russian alphabet plus the letters. In 2020, the Mongolian government announced plans to restore the use of its traditional alphabet by 2025, replacing the Cyrillic script adopted under the Soviets … Mongolia abandons Cyrillic alphabet
IronMike wrote:
Mongolia has announced plans to restore the use of its traditional alphabet by 2025, replacing the Cyrillic script adopted under the Soviets as it moves away from Russian influence.


Mongolian Courses, Supplements, etc.

Basic Course in Mongolian (1968) 226 pages
Basic Course in Mongolian – AUDIO recordings
Intermediate Mongolian: A Textbook for Modern Mongolian (1973) 394 pages
By John G. Hangin, one of the world’s foremost experts in the Mongolian language. Audio-lingual method. AUDIO recordings for the Basic Course freely-available via the Indiana University CeLT website (see link above). I have been unable to locate a source of the audio recordings for the Intermediate Course.
Daristani wrote:
… I share Chung's recollection that the Indiana language lab at one time had a broader selection of audio available to the public than now. My computer seems to have the audio for the Basic Course, the Mongol Reader, and John Hangin's "Intermediate Mongolian" (a follow-on to the basic course cited above, but it's actually more of a reader with grammatical notes than the intermediate textbook it's labeled as). I think I likely obtained all of these back when the university website was less restrictive…

DLI Mongolian Basic (1970’s) – NONE

FSI Mongolian Basic (1970’s) – NONE

German-based Resources
Lehrbuch der mongolischen Sprache by Hans-Peter Vietze
Woerterbuch Mongolisch Deutsch by Hans-Peter Vietze
Chrestomathie der mongolischen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts by Erika Taube
Publisher: VEB Verlag Enzyklopaedie in Leipzig
Daristani wrote:
Welcome to Mongolia, Cavesa! Based on your comment, I wondered where I'd gotten the idea of an original Czech version, so I looked at the PDF of the English version and saw that the Czech original had been published back in 1979. Unless there was a craze for Mongolian culture in Czechoslovakia in those days, I suspect it may well have been a pretty small print run... I assume this probably derived to some extent from the "socialist solidarity" prevailing at the time. In East Germany, a decade earlier, the VEB Verlag Enzyklopaedie in Leipzig had published a "Lehrbuch der mongolischen Sprache" by Hans-Peter Vietze. VEB also published a "Woerterbuch Mongolisch Deutsch", by Vietze and others, in 1988. (I think there was a German-Mongolian version as well, but I don't have it.) VEB also issued a "Chrestomathie der mongolischen Literatur des 20. Jahrhunderts" by Erika Taube in 1972.

Spoken Chahar Mongolian (1964), 208 pages, by S. Jagchid et al.; Inter-University Program for Chinese Language Studies

U.S. Peace Corps Mongolian
The Yojik website hosts a collection of vintage Peace Corps courses, phrase books, et cetera for the study of Mongolian, ONE of which is accompanied by AUDIO recordings. In addition, the Indiana University CeLT Recorded Materials Archive hosts the audio recordings for one of these works AND at least one of the Peace Corps manuals is available via the U.S. Government’s ERIC website.

Mongolian Readers, Literature, etc. (Legacy)
For reasons of expediency, irrespective of their dates of publication, “legacy” readers and similar materials have been listed in the “contemporary” section of this file.


Mongolian Courses, Supplements, etc.

100 Exercises with Mongolian Grammar Explanations I (2007), 93 pages
100 Exercises with Mongolian Grammar Explanations II (2007), 93 pages
Authors: T.Tsermaa and S.Bolor-Erdene; Publisher: American Center for Mongolian Studies

800 Everyday Sentences in Mongolian with Mandarin Translation
Purangi wrote:
800 Everyday Sentences in Mongolian with Mandarin Translation: (Chinese characters + Latin script + traditional script) 日常蒙古语口语800句完整版(1-80)
Assimil Le Mongol - NONE
In the event that someone might pose the question, no, the Assimil catalogue does not yet include a course for the study of Mongolian.

Сайн Байна уу?
Chung wrote:
Of the rarer books, I do have the first volume of the 3-part series Сайн Байна уу? and its accompanying audio. All of the audio is available at Indiana University's CELT portal but you need to be a registered student there. I remember a time when a lot more audio on the archive was available to the public even if that audio was part of a book that was (is) still under copyright. Anyway, the book itself is meant for an English-speaking learner attending Mongolian classes although the appendices have transcripts and translations of the dialogues and the answer key covers about half of the exercises in each chapter. It could be used by a fairly motivated independent learner although I think that it should be supplemented with another course, or even better, used with the help of a Mongolian tutor/friend...

Colloquial Mongolian (1st ed. 2015) 342 pages, by Jantsangiyn Bat-Ireedui and Alan J K Sanders - Routledge
Colloquial Mongolian – AUDIO Recordings – Routledge website     
Generally speaking, the Routledge “Colloquial” courses are designed to meet the basic CEFR A0 communication needs of a short-term visitor to a region where the target language is spoken. In some instances, these courses go in slightly greater depth. The courses are accompanied by approximately 2 hours of AUDIO recordings which are now freely-available via the Routledge website (see link above). Customer reviews of Colloquial Mongolian on Amazon.COM and Amazon.CO.UK are surprisingly mixed; I would recommend that the prospective buyer read through them carefully.
Chung wrote:
… On the "Colloquial" series in general, I think that Speakeasy is unduly harsh by considering the series as meant to provide the user with CEFR A0 competency of the target language. That's too damned low and, with all due respect, wrong. A lot of the material in the second half of a regular "Colloquial" language course would be covered by students at A2 if not B1; it'd be beyond what someone at A1 (let alone A0) would be expected to know. After having used several of the books myself (and also having "Colloquial Mongolian" on the shelf), I've gathered that most are similar to most volumes of the "Complete" series from "Teach Yourself" which are honestly assessed as taking the learner up to CEFR A2 [size=85](in other words, most users can move on to struggle with a textbook advertised for users starting at B1(.1)) in their German adaptations/translations published by Cornelsen

Colloquial Mongolian: An Introductory Intensive Course, Vol. 1 (2004)
Colloquial Mongolian: An Introductory Intensive Course, Vol. 2 (2004)
by Jugderiin Lubsangdorji and Jaroslav Vacek, Publisher: Charles University, Prague
Daristani wrote:
… Another useful learning source for Mongolian is the two-volume "Colloquial Mongolian: An Introductory Intensive Course" by Jugderiin Lubsangdorji and Jaroslav Vacek, published in 2004 by Charles University in Prague, which I think is based on an earlier Czech original. Copies of the physical book seem to be exceedingly scarce, but PDFs have been floating around the internet for several years. I don't think there was ever any audio produced for this, but I recall seeing someone mention (perhaps on the old HTLAL forum?) that it was being used in a university course, thus presumably attesting to its quality…

Complete Mongolian - Teach Yourself Books - NONE
In the event that someone might pose the question, no, the Teach Yourself Books catalogue does not yet include a course for the study of Mongolian.
Chung wrote:
… The "Teach Yourself" books are, however, dishonestly assessed as taking you up to B2 in their English "Complete" editions [size=85](that's just false advertising as there's no way that anyone having just finished only a Teach Yourself language book will then have a fighting chance using a textbook targeted at users with competency at B2 let alone at C1).…

DLI Mongolian Headstart2 – NONE

DLI Mongolian GLOSS – NONE

First Step for Beginners / анхны адхам (2010), 59 pages, by S. Gantuul; American Center for Mongolian Studies

Glossika Mongolian
Daristani wrote:
… Glossika has a Mongolian course…

Good? / Сайн Байна? (2002), 300 pages, by L.Tserenchunt, Sharon Luethy; American Center for Mongolian Studies

Lingua Mongolia - Online
The aim of Lingua Mongolia is to promote the study of the Mongolian language and the rich literary history of this otherwise neglected part of Asia. Lingua Mongolia aims to provide students and researchers with free unhindered access to first-rate language resources, in the form of digitised books, processed texts, and an online dictionary.

Modern Mongolian (1997), 268 pages, by James E. Bosson; Routledge

Modern Mongolian: A Course-Book (1st ed., 2004) 272 pages, by John Gaunt - Routledge
Modern Mongolian: A Course-Book, PDF and MP3 AUDIO      
A more contemporary work than the two-part series by John G. Hangin, this course would appear to be a solid introduction to the basics of the Mongolian language, most likely conceived for use in a classroom setting. Although not specifically mentioned in the description of this book on Amazon, according to one reviewer, One (1) AUDIO cassette was prepared (and is still available) to accompany this textbook. Reviews are rather mixed and, despite the positive comments, I would tend to place this work on my B-List of resources. ADDENDUM: in preparing the revision to this list of resources, I discovered an offer on eBay.AU for a digitized version of this course, including the AUDIO recordings (see above).

монгольский язык, учебник монгольского языка and similar
Chung wrote:
… There are a few Mongolian resources in Russian (look up монгольский язык, учебник монгольского языка and similar) but like what we can get in English, they vary from stuff issued during the Cold War (they're published in cities followed by CCCP (USSR)) to stuff issued this century although they're all meant for classroom instruction. The variety of material is limited…

Mongolian Language for Beginners (2015), 220 pages
Mongolian Language for Intermediates (2015), 220 pages     
Mongolian Language Exercises / Монгол хэлзүйн дасгалууд (2002), 287 pages
Mongolian Colloquial Speech Language Workbook (2006), 267 pages
Author: Bayarmaa Khalzaa; Publisher: American Center for Mongolian Studies

Mongolisch - online
Available in German only.

NFLC Mongolian reading & listening practice files – University of Maryland - NONE

Parlons Mongol (1997) 416 pages, by Jacques Legrand - Editions L'Harmattan
Parlons Mongol CD – AUDIO recordings
Available in FRENCH only. This course, by the noted French Mongolist, Jacques Legrand, introduces not only the basics of the Mongolian language, but also treats this peoples's culture and restores their place in history. AUDIO recordings, in CD format, are available for separate purchase. Jacques Legrand also authored a uni-directional dictionary (Français-Mongol only) and other works. The few Customer Reviews on Amazon.FR are as eloquent as they are positive. Avec remerciements à zenmonkey!
Mongolian Phrasebooks, Language Guides, etc.

17 Minute Languages - Learn Mongolian

DLI Mongolian Language Survival Kits – U.S. Department of Defense

Innovative Language Learning : Learn Mongolian

Kauderwelsch Mongolisch, by by Arno Günther; Reise Know-How Verlag
Kauderwelsch Sprachführer Mongolisch - Wort für Wort (5th ed., 2017), 192 pages
Kauderwelsch Mongolisch AusspracheTrainer – AUDIO Recordings
Available in German only. Phrasebook and AUDIO recordings (extracts only). Sold separately.

Learn Mongolian: Fundamental Basics

Lonely Planet Mongolian Phrasebook & Dictionary (4th ed., prospective release June 2020), 208 pages; Lonely Planet

Mongolian-English/English-Mongolian Dictionary & Phrasebook (6th ed., 2002), by Aariimaa Baasanjav Marder; Hippocrene Books

Mongol express : Guide de conversation (2010), 223 pages, by Uriana Bekhbat; Editions du Dauphin
Available in FRENCH only. Tourist guide to Mongolia, the culture, the history, plus some useful phrases with phonetic transcription. No audio component.

Mongoluls.Net - Mongolian Language

My First Mongolian Book, 124 pages, with MP3 audio –
From the vendor (located in Mongolia): “This book is designed for 90 hours course. This will give you the basic main survival expressions. CD not included, because people were stealing the included CDs. Therefore, will send the link to download audio guide.
Omniglot - Useful Mongolian phrases

[color=#0040FF">Study Mongolian Online[/color">

Survival Mongolian (with Audio) (2019), 91 pages, by Batjargal Damdinjav; Independently published

Wikitravel - Mongolian Phrasebook

Mongolian Grammar, Phonology, Verbs, etc.

Brief Introduction to the Mongolian Language (2018), 54 pages, by McKinley Weaver; Independently published

Chakhar Dialect of Mongol: A Morphological Description (2003), 215 pages, by Borjigin Sechenbaatar; The Finno-Ugrian Society

Comparative Study of Postpositions in Mongolian Dialects and the Written Language (1955), 158 pages, by Frederick Holden Buck; Harvard University Press

Elementary Mongolian Grammar (2013), 292 pages, by Daniel Elliott, T. Uranchimeg, and P. Yandii; Independently published
Daristani wrote:
… There's "An Elementary Mongolian Grammar" by Daniel Elliott, T. Uranchimeg, and P. Yandii, available on Amazon; it's a long reference grammar, arranged in an extended outline form, and so definitely not a textbook…

Mongolian (2012), 335 pages, Juha A. Janhunen; John Benjamins Publishing
From the publisher: “In this grammatical description, the focus is on the standard varieties of the spoken language, as used in broadcasting, education, and everyday casual speech. The dialectology of the language, and its background as a member of the Mongolic language family, are also discussed.”

Mongolian Grammar (1996), 447 pages, by Rita Kullmann and D. Tserenpil - Jensco Ltd, Ulaanbaatar     
Daristani wrote:
… "Mongolian Grammar", by Rita Kullmann and D. Tserenpil, is a detailed reference grammar published in Mongolia that has the virtue of showing everything in both Cyrillic and also the traditional Mongolian script. Again, it's a pure reference grammar, and not a textbook…
Longinus wrote:
I must mention the excellent: Mongolian Grammar For those of you who like example sentences, it has thousands, with English translation and both the traditional and Cyrillic script (you turn the book sideways for the traditional). It's very expensive from US sellers for some reason, but you can find it reasonably priced in Europe. I think I got mine from Germany.

Mongolian Grammar Textbook (2009), 224 pages, by Khatantuul Baatarsukh; Munkhbayar Batmunkh

Mongolian Language and Scripts, by Tseveliin Shagdarsuren; Indiana University website

Mongolian Word Formation (1998), 188 pages, B. Khurelbat;Ulaanbaatar

Phonology of Mongolian (2005), 344 pages, by Jan-Olof Svantesson et al.; Oxford University Press


99 Mongolian Verbs: A Study in Mongolian Verb Conjugation (Reprint 2016) by R Todd Cornell et al.

Past Tenses of the Mongolian Verb (2011), 202 pages, by Robert Binnick; Leiden, Brill
Mongolian Dictionaries, etc.

Dictionnaire français-mongol (2014), 880 pages, Jacques Legrand et al. - Asiathèque
Available in FRECH only. Note : this dictionary is uni-directional (français-mongol).

 English-Mongolian Dictionary / Англи-монгол (2002), 598 pages, by D. Altangerel; Damdinsuren Altangerel

 English-Mongolian Veterinary Dictionary (2016), 531 pages, by Erdenebileg Ulgiit and Tsogttuya Chuluun; Erdenebileg Ulgiit and Tsogttuya Chuluun

Mongolian English Dictionary (1997, 2015), 604 pages, by Charles Bawden; Routledge

Oxford-Monsudar English-Mongolian Dictionary (2006), 906 pages, by A. Luvsandorj and et al.; Monsudar Publishing

Oxford Monsudar English-Mongolian Pocket Dictionary (2008), 863 pages, by D. Tumurtogoo, J. Bat-Ireedui, et al.; Monsudar Publishing

Mongolian Readers, Literature, etc.
For reasons of expediency, irrespective of their dates of publication, readers and similar materials have been listed in the “contemporary” section of this file.

Children's Bible (Mongolian) - Хүүхдийн Библи (2013), 432 pages; Agape Publishing
Childrens’ Books in Mongolian - International Children's Digital Library

Introduction to Classical (Literary) Mongolian: Grammar, Reader, Glossary (3rd ed., 1993), 90 pages, by Kaare Gronbech and John R Krueger; Harrassowitz

Modern Mongolian: A Primer and Reader (1964), 256 pages, by James E. Bosson - Indiana University
Daristani wrote:
… Indiana University also published a textbook entitled "Modern Mongolian: A Primer and Reader" by James E. Bosson in 1964, which again is pretty rare these days but is available in PDF form. Again, no audio as far as I'm aware …

Mongolian Bible / Ариун Библи / New Updated Translation (2014), 1416 pages; Bible Society

Mongolian Literature Anthology (2004), 872 pages, by C. Bawden; Routledge
Mongolian New Testament in Vertical Script (2008); Bible Society
A contemporary translation of the New Testament in traditional Mongolian vertical script suitable for Mongolian speaking people living in China.

Mongolian Newspaper Reader (1969), 216 pages, by David Montgomery; Indiana University Press
Mongolian Newspaper Reader (1997), 216 pages, by David Montgomery; Routledge

Mongol Reader (1963), 276 pages, by Austin, Hangin, Onon
Mongol Reader – AUDIO recordings - Indiana University CeLT Recorded Materials Archive
Published in 1963 and now out-of-print, copies are still available on the internet. The AUDIO recordings which were prepared to accompany this reader are hosted on the Indiana University CeLT Recorded Materials Archive website (see link above). I would place this on my A-List of resources.
Daristani wrote:
… Indiana's "Mongol Reader" cited by Speakeasy above actually included a set of graded lessons explaining the basic grammar, accompanied by reading selections, so it could be used ab initio to develop a reading ability in the language …

Wikipedia in Mongolian - Википедиа
Mongolian Culture, Society, History, etc.
With a view to facilitating both the listing and the consulting of resources, irrespective of their dates of publication, all works falling within this category have been listed here.

Culture and Customs of Mongolia (2008), 204 pages, by Timothy May; Greenwood
Le Choix mongol : De la féodalité au socialisme (1975), 287 pages, by Jacques Legrand; Éditions sociales
Available in FRENCH only. The author, Jacques Legrand, is a renowned expert on Mongolia. In addition to this study, he published a self-instructional course and a bilingual dictionary for the study of Mongolian.

La Mongolie, rêve d'infini (2006), 192 page, by Michel Setboun; La Martinière

Mongolia - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture (2016), 168 pages, by Alan Sanders et al.; Kuperard

Mongolian Media

Mongolian Miscellany

American Center for Mongolian Studies
The American Center for Mongolian Studies (ACMS) is a private, non-profit educational organization that supports academic projects and exchanges in Mongolia and the Inner Asian region, which includes Mongolia and the neighboring areas of China, Russia and Central Asia.Books on the Mongolian language, grammar, reading, speaking, and dictionary resources. Note: resources listed on this website -- as of 23 March 2020 -- have been incorporated into the lists above.
Chung wrote:
If anyone in the English-speaking world (particularly in the USA) would like to learn Mongolian, the American Center of Mongolian Studies (part of the Center for East Asian Studies at University of Pennsylvania) might be of use. It runs summer classes for Mongolian in Mongolia (I think that you need to be a student at UPenn but the classes aren't cheap) and also has a bookstore where you can order fairly rare textbooks and reference material for Mongolian. The site also used to host an extensive series of free online lessons in Mongolian (at least 20 sections if I remember correctly) covering material up to what the ACMS deemed intermediate (A2? B1?) but they've been gone for several years already. A shame ...

Please feel at liberty to post your own recommendations and/or comments and I’ll see what I can do about incorporating them into the lists above.

Visitors to this file are encouraged to review the subsequent comments, posted below, as they include members’ suggestions concerning materials as well as forming a running commentary on resources for the study of Mongolian.

Completely revised: March 2020

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