FOR REPOSTING TO THE “A LANGUAGE LEARNERS’ FORUM” (LLORG)
During the period from February 2020 through May 2020, I conducted a complete revision to the twenty-eight (28) lists of resources which I had posted on the LLORG during the previous three-year period. As revising these types of documents directly on the LLORG in the “Edit Mode” is fraught with difficulties, I removed their contents from the LLORG, stored them on my computer, and completed the revisions. During the revision process an event occurred which prevented me from reposting the contents to their original files and, as a contingency measure, I have posted them here on the HTLAL in the anticipation that either the Administrator or the Moderators of the LLORG will copy/paste them to the LLORG. - Speakeasy
Armenia; Armenian: Հայաստան, romanized: Hayastan, IPA: [hɑjɑsˈtɑn]), officially the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, romanized: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun, IPA: [hɑjɑstɑˈni hɑnɾɑpɛtutʰˈjun]), is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. Ethnic Armenians make up 98.1% of the population. Yazidis make up 1.2%, and Russians 0.4%. Other minorities include Assyrians, Ukrainians, Greeks (usually called Caucasus Greeks), Kurds, Georgians, Belarusians, and Jews; there are also smaller communities. – Source: Wikipedia
Languages of Armenia
Armenian is the only official language. The main foreign languages that Armenians know are Russian and English. Due to its Soviet past, most of the old population can speak Russian quite well. According to a 2013 survey, 95% of Armenians said they had some knowledge of Russian (24% advanced, 59% intermediate) compared to 40% who said they knew some English (4% advanced, 16% intermediate and 20% beginner). However, more adults (50%) think that English should be taught in public secondary schools than those who prefer Russian (44%).– Source: Wikipedia
Armenian, Armenian Hayeren, also spelled Haieren, is a language that forms a separate branch of the Indo-European language family; it was once erroneously considered a dialect of Iranian. In the early 21st century the Armenian language is spoken by some 6.7 million individuals. The majority (about 3.4 million) of these live in Armenia, and most of the remainder live in Georgia and Russia. More than 100,000 Armenian speakers live in Iran. Until the early 20th century, an Armenian population had lived in Turkey in the area around Lake Van since ancient times; a small minority of Armenians lives in Turkey today. Armenians also live in Lebanon, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Iraq, France, Bulgaria, the United States, and elsewhere. Several distinct varieties of the Armenian language can be distinguished: Old Armenian (Grabar), Middle Armenian (Miǰin hayerên), and Modern Armenian, or Ašxarhabar (Ashkharhabar). Modern Armenian embraces two written varieties—Western Armenian (Arewmtahayerên) and Eastern Armenian (Arewelahayerên)—and many dialects are spoken. – Source: Britanica.com
Learning Armenian - LLORG- April 2018
Armenian alphabet - LLORG - November 2018
Armenian resources - HTLAL - July 2015
2. ARMENIAN RESOURCES LEGACY
Armenian Courses, Supplements, etc.
Course in Modern Western Armenian (1989), by Thomas J. Samuelian; Armenian Prelacy
Course in Modern Western Armenian: Exercises and Commentary (1989), 851 pages
Course in Modern Western Armenian: Dictionary and Linguistic Notes (1989), 269 pages
Armenian Dictionary in Transliteration: Western Pronunciation (1993), 139 pages
Out-of-print. By Thomas J. Samuelian; published by Armenian Prelacy; sponsored by the Armenian National Education Committee.
|I happen to have a copy of this course (both volumes, at that). I'm not sure if it's out of print or not, but you can find some copies on various online shops (such as https://naasr.org/products/a-course-in-modern-western and http://www.abrilbooks.com/books/language-adult/learn-western -armenian/course-in-modern-western-armenian-a.html). There does not appear to be any audio that was originally produced for the text, but some can be found here: https://www.arak29.am/moodle/. I think it's one of the better resources for Western Armenian, along with Bardakjian's book.
DLI Armenian Basic (1960’s - 1970’s) – NONE
FSI Armenian Basic (1960’s - 1970’s) – NONE
Introduction to Classical Armenian, An (1989), 268 pages, by Robert W. Thomson; Caravan Books
Modern Western Armenian (1977), 319 pages, by Kevork B. Bardakjian, Robert W. Thomson; Caravan Books
Modern Western Armenian: AUDIO Recordings; University of Michigan FLACS
Textbook of Modern Western Armenian, A (1977), 354 pages, by Kevork B. Bardakjian, Robert W. Thomson; Caravan Books
Spoken Beirut Armenian. Stress on grammar and syntax. Vocabulary based on 1,000 most frequent words. Deliberate attempt at disregarding literary and stylistic archaisms. Audio-lingual method. Above titles are the same course. Comments on Amazon are mixed. Negative reviews suggest the user did not have access to recordings.
AUDIO recordings hosted at University of Michigan (see LINK above). NOTE: In the subsequent discussions, below, Asfaloth confirmed that the numbering of the sound tracks gives the erroneous appearance that the second CD is missing; it is not.
|… The original Bardakjian/Thompson Western Armenian textbook cited above is now in the public domain. The original version was published by Caravan Books in 1977 and explicitly states that copyright was claimed until 1987, after which it would be in the public domain. Two places to download the PDF are: (1), (2) … A somewhat revised and more attractively printed version of the book was published more recently by Bardakjian and Bert Vaux and is available in print-on-demand (at a very reasonable price)...
|… Luckily I had bought the physical cds quite a few years ago, and ripped them to my Drive. I'm more than happy to share with anyone who is interested. Just PM me.
Spoken East Armenian (1940s, 1958, 1975), 403 pages, by Gordon H Fairbanks, Earl W. Stevick Spoken East Armenian (1958); American Council of Learned Societies
Spoken East Armenian (1975); Spoken Language Services
Most likely developed to meet needs of U.S. Armed Forces personnel during WWII. Employed the nascent audio-lingual method. Sets of 78 rpm vinyl records accompanied the course books. Reprinted in 1975 by Spoken Language Services. Copies of course manuals becoming rare. Audio cassettes are even rarer. Amazon customer reviews quite positive.
Armenian Grammars, Dictionaries, Readers (Legacy)
For reasons of expediency, irrespective of their dates of publication, “legacy” grammars, dictionaries, readers and similar materials have been listed in the “contemporary” section of this file.
3. ARMENIAN RESOURCES: CONTEMPORARY
Armenian Courses, Supplements, etc.
Armenian: Conversations, Vocabulary and Verbs (2019), 214 pages; Turkicum Book Series
Topical dialogues, vocabulary, phrases, grammar. Self-instruction. AUDIO recordings available for free download.
Armenian for Everyone: Western and Eastern Armenian in Parallel Lessons (2005, 2007), 517 pages, by Gayane Hagopian; Caravan Books / Academic Resources Corp
May be out-of-print. No mention of audio recordings. Two Amazon customer reviews : both positive.
Armenian Language Tutorial, by Depi Hayk; Birthright Armenia
Online. Free, 12-lesson, Armenian language tutorial. Most likely CEFR A0. Many thanks to Expugnator!
Arménien moderne: Manuel pratique Branche occidentale et branche orientale (2012), 473 pages, by Robert Der Merguerian; Presses de L'Université de Provence[/color">
Available in FRENCH only. No mention of audio recordings. Amazon.FR reviews positive.
Assimil L'Arménien sans peine (1999), 640 pages, by Rousane Gureghian – OUT-OF-PRINT
Out-of-print. Available in FRENCH only. Circa 100 progressively-difficult dialogues and short exercise sets with translations, accompanied by approx. 3 hours of AUDIO recordings. CEFR A2-B1. Confirmation by Asfaloth and Daristani that Assimil published an Eastern Armenian course entitled "L'Arménien sans peine" (which is, regrettably, out-of-print).
Beginner's Armenian (1965, 1999, 2005), 216 pages, by Hagop Andonian; Hippocrene Books
Conventional approach. Self-instruction. No mention of audio recordings. CEFR A1+ .Amazon customer reviews: mixed.
Colloquial Armenian; Routledge – NONE
Complete Armenian; Teach Yourself Books – NONE
DLI GLOSS Armenian - NONE
Eastern Armenian Comprehensive Self-Study Language Course, 3rd ed. (2017), 223 pages, by Anahit S. Avetisyan
Uses Armenian / Armenian transliteration / English translation. No mention of audio recordings. Amazon customer reviews quite positive.
Eastern Armenian For English Speakers: Easy Guide to Master the Alphabet, Grammar and Vocabulary (2019), 152 pages, by A. Mkhitaryan and T. Baghdasaryan; Independently published
Amazon’s “look inside” feature suggests slightly more depth than the 152 pages might otherwise suggest. No mention of audio recordings.
Eastern Armenian Textbook: A Comprehensive Language Course with Recordings; Self-study and Classroom Use, 1st ed., (2018), 240 pages, by Mary Hakobyan
Eastern Armenian Textbook website (images, AUDIO recordings)
Title declares this introductory course suitable for classroom and self-instruction. Probably CEFR A1+. Amazon customer reviews appear too polished and similar to one another to be genuine. Still, it might be a good option.
Eastern Armenian for the English-speaking World (with audio CD), 2nd ed. (2008), 581 pages
Modern Western Armenian for the English-speaking World, (with audio CD), 2nd ed, (2012) 457 pages
By Dora Sakayan, published by Yerevan State University. Comprehensive introduction to both major dialects. For classroom use and self-instruction. Amazon customer reviews ……..
Eastern Armenian Textbook (1999), 338 pages, by Bardakjian and Vaux; Caravan Books
Submitted by Daristani, with the following comment: “I don't think the publisher is in business any longer, and I've never seen a physical copy for sale anywhere. Mysteriously, however, a PDF shows up.”
Learning Armenian Headstart: Manual for Foreigners (Eastern Armenian) (includes CD) (2018), 320 pages, by Lusine K. Muradyan; Edit Print
Introduction to basic Eastern Armenian. Self-instruction. Probably CEFR A2. No Amazon reviews, yet.
Lehrbuch der armenischen Sprache (2007), 306 pages
Lehrbuch der armenischen Sprache: AUDIO Recordings (Begleit-CD)
Einführung in die armenische Schrift (2012), 104 pages
Wörterbuch Armenisch-Deutsch (2011), 676 pages
Available in German only. By Margret Eggenstein-Harutunian, published by H. Buske Verlag. Comprehensive introduction to spoken and written Armenian, with AUDIO component. Reviews on Amazon.DE are, in general, quite positive. Prof. Arguelles offered a brief preview of Buske's Armenian course in his Buske: Foreign Language Learning Series Reviews YouTube video (with many thanks to David1917).
National Foreign Language Center (NFLC) – University of Maryland - NONE
Parlons arménien (2008), 342 pages, by Michel Malherbe et al.; Editions L'Harmattan
Available in FRENCH only. Highly-regarded series. CEFR A2. In recent years, the publisher has ceased releasing audio recordings for this series. Only one Amazon.FR review: 5 stars.
Pimsleur Armenian (Eastern) Level 1 - Simon & Schuster
Pimsleur Armenian (Western) Level 1 - Simon & Schuster
Well-known “all audio” courses. CEFR A0 but very solid.
Practical Textbook of Western Armenian (Self Teaching Armenian Language Method) (1980) (4th ed., 2017), 388 pages
By Haroutiun Kurkjian, adapted for use by English speakers by Virginia Pattie. Self-instruction. No mention of audio recordings; however, one Amazon reviewer states that he purchased the AUDIO CDs directly from the author.
Western Armenian For The English Speaking World, with CD (2nd ed., 2012), 457 pages, by Dora Sakayan; Yerevan State University Press
For classroom use and self-instruction. Probably CEFR A2-B1. Two (relevant) Amazon reviews: 5 stars.
U.S. Peace Corps Armenian (1992),176 pages, by Vartan Vartanian and Margaret Vartanian – Yojik website
Basic introduction to spoken Armenian. CEFR A0+. Includes AUDIO recordings.
Armenian Phrasebooks, Language Guides, etc.
This list is not exhaustive, it is but a small selection of the many and language guides available for Armenian.
50Languages/Book2 - Armenian – website
50Languages/Book2 - Armenian - printed book
Arménien de poche (2011), 192 pages, by Robert Avak et Jean Gureghian; Assimil
Available in FRENCH only.
Eastern Armenian-English/English- Eastern Armenian Dictionary & Phrasebook (2003), 240 pages.
Western Armenian Dictionary & Phrasebook: Armenian-English/English-Armenian (2006), 183 pages.
A pair of phrasebooks by Nicholas Awde et al.; published by Hippocrene Books
Kauderwelsch Armenisch, by Robert Avak, Kerstin Belz, et al.; Reise Know-How Verlag
Kauderwelsch: Armenisch, Wort für Wort (2018), 208 pages
Kauderwelsch: Armenisch AusspracheTrainer – AUDIO Recordings
Available in German only. Phrasebook and AUDIO recordings (extracts only). Sold separately.
Armenian Grammars, Script, Writing, etc.
This list is not exhaustive, it is but a sample of the many grammars available for this language.
======= Grammar: General =======
Elementary Modern Armenian Grammar (2005), 226 pages, by Kevork H. Gulian; Adamant Media Corporation
Although most Amazon Customers rated this grammar fairly highly, one cautioned: “This book introduces Western Armenian (spoken in Diaspora communities), and not Eastern Armenian spoken in Armenia.”
Handbook of Armenian (2019), 219 pages, by Arshak Balayan; Duke University – PDF
From the author: “… not meant to be a comprehensive guide to Armenian grammar … starts with … letters and sounds and covers essential points of morphology and syntax. Some grammar points are not treated, others are simplified to facilitate the learning process. NO AUDIO recordings. With much appreciation to Daristani!
Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African language library) (2009), 750 pages, by Jasmine Dum-Tragut; John Benjamins Publishing Company
======= Phonology =======
Phonology of Armenian, The (1998), 296 pages, by Bert Vaux; Clarendon Press
======= Script : Practice =======
Armenian Handwriting Made Easy: Set of 4 Workbooks (Western Armenian) (1990), by Ohannes Hannessian; Shirak Pub. House
======= Script : Historical =======
|In November 2018, DaveAgain wrote:
|I've just been listening to a programme about the history of the Armenian alphabet, and I thought it might be of interest to some of you …
Alphabet arménien dans l’histoire et dans le mémoire (L’), 402 pages, Traduit par Jean-Pierre Mahé
Creation de l’alphabet arménien (La), by Jean-Pierre Mahé; France culture (online); Les Belles Lettres
Mesrop Mashtots - Wikipedia
Mesrop (362 – 440 AD), also known as Mesrob the Vartabed, was an early medieval Armenian linguist, composer, theologian, statesman and hymnologist. He is best known for inventing the Armenian alphabet c. 405 AD, which was a fundamental step in strengthening Armenian national identity. He was also the creator of the Caucasian Albanian and Georgian alphabets, according to a number of scholars …
Armenian Dictionaries, etc.
For reasons of expediency, irrespective of their dates of publication, “legacy” dictionaries and similar materials have been listed in the “contemporary” section of this file. This list is not exhaustive, it is but a sample of the many dictionaries available for this language.
======= Dictionaries: General =======
Armenian Dictionary in Transliteration: Western Pronunciation (1993), 139 pages, by Thomas J. Samuelian; Armenian Prelacy
Armenian/English-English/Armenian Concise Dictionary (1993), 378 pages, by Susanna Aroutunian; Hippocrene Books
Course in Modern Western Armenian: Dictionary and Linguistic Notes (1989), 269 pages, by Thomas J. Samuelian; Armenian Prelacy
English-Armenian Armenian-English Dictionary, Special Edition for Eastern Armenian Language Learners (2nd ed., 2012), 626 pages, by Khachik Grigoryan; Ankyunacar
New English-Armenian Dictionary (2011), 906 pages, by Khachik Grigoryan et al.; Ankyunacar
Shirak's English-Armenian Dictionary with Transliteration (1999), 467 pages, by Ohannes Hannessian; Shirak Pub. House
======= Dictionaries: Specialized =======
Shirak's Dictionary of Armenian Names (2nd ed., 2001), 157 pages, by Ohannes Hannessian; Shirak Pub. House
Armenian Readers, Literature, etc.
For reasons of expediency, irrespective of their dates of publication, “legacy” readers and similar materials have been listed in the “contemporary” section of this file. This list is not exhaustive.
Anthology of Western Armenian Literature by James Etmekjian, 477 pages, published in 1980 by Caravan Books in Delmar, NY.
|Another useful resource for the western dialect is the book. It's an anthology of both prose and poetry, with comments on the writers, linguistic notes on the reading selections, and a glossary. The best thing is that copyright was only claimed until 1990, and so the book is now in the public domain. I don't see any copies for sale anywhere at the moment, and I suspect that the initial print run was probably pretty small, so finding copies won't be easy. But I've scanned a copy, and anyone wanting a pdf can PM me.
Graded West Armenian Reader; Selections from Armenian Literature (1963, 2019 Reprint), 216 pages, by James Etmekjian; SPM Publications
History: Armenian Literature Ancient Times (1995), 650 pages, by Hairapetian Srbouhi; Caravan Books
Western Armenian Wikipedia
|Good news for learners of Western Armenian - since April there's finally a separate Western Armenian Wikipedia!
Armenian Culture, Society, History, etc.
Armenian Proverbs: a Paremiological Study with an Anthology of 2,500 Armenian Folk Sayings Anatolian and Caucasian Studies English and Armenian Edition (1995), 477 pages, by Sakayan et al.; Caravan Books
Western Armenian in the 21st Century: Challenges and New Approaches (2019), 152 pages, by Barlow Der Mugrdechian, et al.; University of California Press
Armenian Language; Armenia Discovery website
Website promoting the Armenian language and culture.
4. IMPROVING THIS FILE?
Please feel at liberty to post your own recommendations and/or comments and I’ll see what I can do about incorporating them into the lists above.
5. SUBSEQUENT COMMENTS
Visitors to this file are encouraged to review the subsequent comments, posted below, as they include members’ suggestions concerning materials and forms a running commentary on resources for the study of Armenian.
Completely revised: April 2020