FOR REPOSTING TO THE “A LANGUAGE LEARNERS’ FORUM” (LLORG)
During the period from February 2020 through May 2020, I conducted a complete revision to the twenty-eight (28) lists of resources which I had posted on the LLORG during the previous three-year period. As revising these types of documents directly on the LLORG in the “Edit Mode” is fraught with difficulties, I removed their contents from the LLORG, stored them on my computer, and completed the revisions. During the revision process an event occurred which prevented me from reposting the contents to their original files and, as a contingency measure, I have posted them here on the HTLAL in the anticipation that either the Administrator or the Moderators of the LLORG will copy/paste them to the LLORG. - Speakeasy
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. – Source: Wikipedia
Languages of Malaysia
The indigenous languages of Malaysia belong to the Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian families. The national, or official, language is Malay which is the mother tongue of the majority Malay ethnic group. The main ethnic groups within Malaysia comprise the Malays, Chinese and Indians, with many other ethnic groups represented in smaller numbers, each with its own languages. The largest native languages spoken in East Malaysia are the Iban, Dusunic, and the Kadazan languages. English is widely understood and spoken in service industries and is a compulsory subject in primary and secondary school. It is also the main language spoken in most private colleges and universities. English may take precedence over Malay in certain official contexts as provided for by the National Language Act, especially in the states of Sabah and Sarawak, where it may be the official working language. Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages, 41 of which are found in Peninsular Malaysia. The government provides schooling at the primary level in each of the three major languages, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil. Within Malay and Tamil there are a number of dialectal differences. There are a number of Chinese languages native to the ethnic Chinese who originated from southern China, which include Yue, Min and Hakka Chinese. – Source: Wikipedia
Constitutionally, the official language of Malaysia is Malay, although the government from time-to-time refers to it as Malaysian. Standard Malaysian is a normative register of the Johore-Riau dialect of Malay. It is spoken by much of the Malaysian population, although most learn a vernacular form of Malay or other native language first. Malay is a compulsory subject in primary and secondary schools. Malay is an Austronesian language spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, as well as parts of Thailand. A language of the Malays, it is spoken by 290 million people across the Strait of Malacca, including the coasts of the Malay Peninsula of Malaysia and the eastern coast of Sumatra in Indonesia and has been established as a native language of part of western coastal Sarawak and West Kalimantan in Borneo. It is also used as a trading language in the southern Philippines, including the southern parts of the Zamboanga Peninsula, the Sulu Archipelago and the southern predominantly Muslim-inhabited municipalities of Bataraza and Balabac in Palawan. – Source: Wikipedia
Malay versus Indonesian
Malaysian and Indonesian are two standardized registers of the Malay language, used in Malaysia and Indonesia, respectively. Both varieties are generally mutually intelligible, yet there are noticeable differences in spelling, grammar, pronunciation and vocabulary, as well as the predominant source of loanwords. The differences can range from those mutually unintelligible with one another, to those having a closer familial resemblance. The regionalized and localized varieties of Malay can become a catalyst for intercultural conflict, especially in higher education. To non-native speakers the two varieties may seem identical, but to native speakers the differences are noticeable through both diction and accent. They affect the broadcasting industry with regard to foreign language subtitling, for example, in DVD movies and on cable TV. In order to reach a wider audience, both Indonesian and Malay subtitles are sometimes displayed in a movie, along with other language subtitles. – Source: Wikipedia
2. MALAY RESOURCES: LEGACY
Malay Courses, Supplements, etc.
DLI Malay Basic Course (1960s – 1970s) – NONE
FSI Malay Basic Course (1960s – 1970s) – NONE
Linguaphone Malay (1950s – 1970s)
Linguaphone’s catalogue once included a course for Malay for which the materials comprised: a Course Manual, a Handbook, and 4 audio cassettes. Recently, the publisher has begun offering digitized versions of their legacy courses, dating as far back to 1950, subject to inquiry. NOTE: the second subsequent post to this thread contains a photograph of the Linguaphone Malay course materials.
Manual of the Malay Language: with an Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay (1890s – 1910s), circa 200 pages, by Sir William Edward Maxwell
Reprints and eBooks of this manual, often copied from the 1907 edition of Sir Maxwell’s original work, are still in circulation somewhat disguised by their recent publication dates. While they would surely show their age in today’s context, a couple of Amazon customers have expressed their appreciation for this work.
Pattani Malay (1966) by C. Richard Fassler
Although my searches did not reveal a Peace Corps Malay course, I did come across a set of files, based on the 1966 work of C. Richard Fassler, a former Peace Corps employee, on the website of Northern Illinois University.
Speak Malay! A course in simple Malay (1960), 255 pages, by Edward S. King; University of London Press
Editor’s description implies use of audio-lingual method. Out-of-print, but copies still available on the internet.
Intermediate Malay conversation: Bahasa Melayu perengkat pertengahan (1977), 104 pages, by Muhammad Yonn; Intellectual Publishing
No information on this intermediate course other than the listing above.
Spoken Malay, Books 1 and 2 (1945) by Isadore Dyen; Linguistic Society of American, American Council of Learned Societies
Developed to meet the needs of U.S. Armed Forces personnel during WWII. Employed the nascent audio-lingual method. Sets of 78 rpm vinyl records accompanied the half-sized course books. Reprinted circa 1970 by Spoken Language Services. Copies of the course manuals are becoming rare. The audio cassettes are becoming even rarer
U.S. Peace Corps Malay Course (1960s – 1970s) – NONE
3. MALAY RESOURCES: CONTEMPORARY
Malay Courses, Supplements, etc.
Basic Malay Language Course - online
Free course. Introduces the basics of spoken Malay language in 64 well-conceived lessons. Online version plus downloadable smartphone version.
Cambridge IGCSETM Malay as a First Language (2019) by Bt Ishak, Azfa Ilyana, Bt Mohamad, Zuraimah, et al.; Collins
Publisher’s description: “Collins Cambridge IGCSE Malay as a First Language is the only published resource to offer full and comprehensive coverage of the new Cambridge IGCSE Malay syllabus (0696). With a Student’s Book and Teacher’s Guide available, the resources support both students and teachers in a clear and engaging way.”
Cambridge IGCSE Malay as a Foreign Language (2017) by Norshah Aizat Shuaib and Zaharah Othman; Collins
Publisher’s description: “Collins Cambridge IGCSE® Malay is the only published course to offer full and comprehensive coverage of the Cambridge IGCSE® Malay syllabus.”
Colloquial Malay (2nd ed., 2015) by Zaharah Othman; Routledge
CEFR A0-A1 staple. Previous edition, by the same author, was not well-received. Latest edition has met with greater success.
Complete Malay (1st ed., 2010), 400 pages, by Eva Nyimas et al.; Teach Yourself Books
CEFR A1 staple. Suffers from poor Amazon customer reviews, not because of contents, but because of glitches with the audio recordings or with the Kindle editions. Customers who did not experience these types of problems submitted more balanced reviews.
DLI Headstart2 Malay
Familiarization language course. First half, civilian oriented. Second half, mission oriented. CEFR A0+
Glossika Malay – NO LONGER AVAILABLE
Discussions on the HTLAL indicate that Glossika once offered a set of files for the practicing of Malay. However, these would seem to be no longer available.
Malay for Everyone: Mastering Malay Through English (1997) by Othman Sulaiman; Weatherhill
Self-instructional. Could not locate any audio recordings. Well-received by the few Amazon customers who chose to post a review.
National Foreign Language Center (NFLC) Malay – University of Maryland
Collection of graded exercise sets for supplemental practice (reading, aural, occasionally videos). Similar to DLI GLOSS. Access: US$ 5.00 monthly subscription.
Malay Phrasebooks, Language Guides, etc.
This list is not exhaustive; the titles listed below are only a sample of the phrasebooks and language guides available for Malay.
Berlitz Phrase Book & Dictionary Malay (2nd ed., 2019), 224 pages; Berlitz Language
Collins Malay Phrasebook (2008), 256 pages; HarperCollins UK
DLI Language Survival Kit
Kauderwelsch Malaiisch, by Martin Lutterjohann; Reise Know-How Verlag
Kauderwelsch Sprachführer Malaiisch: Wort-fürWort (7th ed., 2016), 160 pages
Kauderwelsch AusspracheTrainer Malaiisch: AUDIO Recordings
Available in German only. Phrasebook and AUDIO recordings (extracts only). Sold separately.
Lonely Planet Malay Phrasebook & Dictionary (4th ed., 2014), 312 pages, by Susan Keeney; Lonely Planet
Malay Language Guidebook: for Tourists and Foreign Residents (2017), 172 pages, by Mae Cheong et al.; Independently published
Malay Grammars, etc.
Malay Grammar Made Easy: A Comprehensive Guide (2012), 391 pages, by Liaw Yock Fang; Crescent News
Malay Dictionaries, etc.
This list is not exhaustive; the titles listed below are only a sample of the dictionaries available for Malay.
Collins Easy Learning English-Malay Dictionary (2007), 1104 pages; HarperCollins UK
Comprehensive Malay Dictionary: English-Malay / Malay-English (2004), 534 pages; Pelanduk Publications
Collins English - Malay Dictionary (2nd ed., 2007), 744 pages; HarperCollins UK
Malay-English English-Malay Dictionary (1993), 630 pages; Hippocrene Books
Malay Pocket Dictionary (2017), 446 pages, by John Shapiro; Fluo
Oxford English-English-Malay Dictionary (2016), 1128 pages; Oxford University Press
Pocket Malay Dictionary: Malay-English English-Malay (2003), 96 pages, by Zuraidah Omar; Periplus Editions
Malay Readers, Literature, etc.
|In 2009, on the HTLAL, bluejay390 wrote:
4. IMPROVING THIS FILE?
Please feel at liberty to post your own recommendations and/or comments and I’ll see what I can do about incorporating them into the lists above.
5. SUBSEQUENT COMMENTS
Visitors to this file are encouraged to review the subsequent comments, posted below, as they include members’ suggestions concerning materials and form a running commentary on resources for the study of this language.
Completely revised: April 2020